Alex Hendrie

Congress Should Reject Legislation Lifting the Medicaid Rebate Cap

Posted by Alex Hendrie on Wednesday, January 16th, 2019, 8:00 AM PERMALINK

In a letter to Members of Congress, ATR urged opposition to H.R. 107, legislation to lift the existing Medicaid rebate cap for outpatient drugs.

The current 100 percent rebate cap is a reasonable safeguard for manufacturers to ensure the subsidies they pay Medicaid are no higher than the price of the drug.

There are currently over 2,500 drugs that hit the cap so this legislation would create numerous instances where the manufacturer is paying Medicaid to supply the drug.

[Read the full letter here]

Lifting the cap would also likely create perverse incentives within the market.

For instance, the proposal could result in higher prices in the commercial market because manufacturers would be incentivized to reduce rebates and discounts in order to avoid further decreasing “best price.” While this would reduce the Medicaid rebate, it would increase costs for plans and consumers. In turn, this would result in new medicines being launched at higher prices due to the subsidies required by Medicaid.

Lifting the cap would also encourage gaming of the system by turning a product into a revenue stream for the federal government and the states. In fact, the bill effectively creates slush funds for the states as there are no restrictions on how they can utilize funds generated from payments above 100 percent of AMP.

ATR urges all Members of Congress to oppose this legislation as a stand-alone proposal or as part of any broader healthcare legislation.

Pelosi Wants to “Replace” the Repealed Obamacare Individual Mandate Tax

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Tuesday, January 8th, 2019, 11:37 AM PERMALINK

In an interview with MSNBC on Friday, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said, “We have to replace” the repealed Obamacare individual mandate tax penalty. The individual mandate was one of the most regressive taxes in the code before it was repealed in 2017 by the Republican passed Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. Reinstating this tax will undoubtedly disproportionately fall on low and middle-income families.

Prior to repeal, the mandate forced individuals to purchase government approved health insurance or pay a tax totaling almost $700 for an individual and $2,000 for a family.

Official IRS data found that low-income Americans shouldered the burden of this tax.

In tax year 2016, 4,953,490 households paid a total of $3,628,017,000 in individual mandate tax penalties.

  • 77 percent of those paying the mandate had annual income of less than $50,000.
  • 34 percent of those paying the mandate had annual income of less than $25,000.

In tax year 2015, 6,665,480 households paid a total of $3,079,255,000 in individual mandate tax penalties.

  • 79 percent of those paying the mandate had annual income of less than $50,000.
  • 37 percent of those paying the mandate had annual income of less than $25,000.

So what tax increase does Pelosi have in mind?


Photo Credit: Gage Skidmore

Dems Eye 33% Corporate Rate Hike

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Monday, January 7th, 2019, 2:09 PM PERMALINK

House Budget Chairman John Yarmuth (D-Ky.) has announced that the forthcoming budget blueprint will call for a 33 percent corporate income tax rate increase by hiking the rate from 21 percent to 28 percent. This would make the U.S. a less competitive place to do business and make the U.S. statutory rate higher than many developed competitors.

State corporate taxes average 6 percent across the U.S, so this planned tax hike would give the U.S. an average top corporate rate of 34 percent.

The current combined corporate rate across the 36 member Organisation for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) is currently 23.7 percent.

This proposed tax hike would make the U.S. rate higher than major competitors such as the United Kingdom (19 percent), China (25 percent), Canada (26.8 percent), Germany (29.8 percent), and Ireland (12.5 percent).

"Hiking the tax rate on American businesses will kill jobs, lower wages, and reduce new investment in America," said Grover Norquist, president of Americans for Tax Reform. "Why do the Democrats want to damage American competitiveness and job creation?"

Not only will raising the 21 percent rate make America less globally competitive, it will also harm today’s strong economic growth, growing wages, record job openings, and lower utility bills.

Just last week, it was announced that the U.S. economy added 312,000 jobs in December. Over the past 12 months, wages have grown 3.2 percent and 2.6 million jobs being created.

The U.S. has been named the most competitive economy in the world. Manufacturers just had their most successful year since 1997 and small business optimism is at record highs.

Raising the corporate rate, as House Democrats are proposing, would undo these gains. 

Americans for Tax Reform recently launched a special project,, to stand firm against any and all attempts to raise the corporate tax rate. 

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The Top 20% of Households Pay 88% of Federal Income Taxes

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Monday, January 7th, 2019, 2:02 PM PERMALINK

Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) recently proposed a 70 percent top federal income tax rate. This would nearly double the current top tax bracket, which is currently at 37 percent. Ocasio-Cortez fails to mention that the tax code is already steeply progressive.

According to the Congressional Budget Office

-The top one percent of households pay 39.4 percent of federal income taxes and 26.2 percent of total federal taxes.

- The top 20 percent of households pay 88.1 percent of federal income taxes and 69.5 percent of total federal taxes.

- The top one percent of households pay an average income tax rate of 24 percent while the middle quintile pays an average income tax rate of 3 percent.

- The top one percent of households pay an average total tax rate of 33.3 percent while the middle quintile pays an average total tax rate of over 14 percent.  

- The top 20 percent of households pay an average total tax rate of 26.7 percent while the middle quintile pays an average total tax rate of 14 percent. 

The data is shown below: 

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Ocasio-Cortez Tax Plan Creates 82.7% Top Income Tax Rate for New Yorkers

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Friday, January 4th, 2019, 11:20 AM PERMALINK

In an upcoming 60 Minutes interview, Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-N.Y.) will call for federal income tax rates of up to 70 percent as part of a proposal to create vast new government spending programs.

The current top federal income tax rate is 37 percent, so the Ocasio-Cortez plan will nearly double the tax rate for the top bracket.

New York State has a top income tax rate of 8.82 percent while New York City has a top rate of 3.876 percent. So under this proposal, her constituents would pay a top combined income tax rate of 82.7 percent:

Federal income tax rate:   70.0%
NY state income tax rate: 8.82%
NYC income tax rate:       3.876%
TOTAL:                           82.696%

New Yorkers would not be the only ones suffering under the Ocasio-Cortez plan. California taxpayers would pay a top rate of 83.3 percent (70 percent plus the California rate of 13.30 percent).

In addition to this high income tax rate, taxpayers would remain impacted by other taxes including payroll taxes, taxes on capital gains income and dividends, and the death tax.

Further, while Ocasio-Cortez has not released details of any other tax hikes to pay for her plan, this would likely not be the only income tax increase if she had her way. For instance, Senator Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) proposed a $2 trillion 2.2 percent payroll tax on all families and a $10 trillion 6.2 percent payroll tax on all businesses as part of his socialized healthcare plan.

Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.) and Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky (D-Ill.) have proposed numerous tax hikes including a new, 5 percent surtax on those making $500,000 per year and an increase in the Obamacare payroll tax from 0.9 percent to 4 percent.

Regardless of the specific proposal, it is clear that Democrats want higher taxes on the American people as they made clear when they changed the House rules to make it easier to raise taxes.

Just last night, Democrats rejected a proposal to make permanent the $2,000 child tax credit (up from 1,000) and the $24,000 standard deduction for families (up from $12,000).

Based on their record this will not be the first of many cases where Democrats oppose middle class tax relief and advocate for higher taxes on the American people.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

Senior House Democrats Ended 2018 with Massive Tax Hike Proposal

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Wednesday, January 2nd, 2019, 3:35 PM PERMALINK

When most Americans were preparing for the Christmas season in the second half of December, a number of House Democrats released a massive tax hike proposal.

Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) and Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky (D-IL) introduced the Medicare for America Act, legislation that would increase taxes on American families and businesses large and small.

To start, the legislation introduced by Reps. DeLauro and Schakowsky repeals the entire Tax Cuts and Jobs Act passed by the GOP in 2017. This would impose significant tax increases on individuals:

-The proposal would restore pre-TCJA tax brackets resulting in a tax increase for Americans at every income level.

The TCJA reduced taxes for a family of four with annual income of $73,000 by $2,058, a 58 percent reduction in federal taxes. A single parent with one child with annual income of $41,000 has seen a tax cut of $1,304, a 73 percent reduction in federal taxes.

-The proposal would cut the child tax credit in half from $2,000 to $1,000. According to IRS data, over 23 million families take the credit.

-The proposal would cut the standard deduction in half from $12,000 to $6,300 ($24,000 to $12,600). An estimated 93 percent of filers will take the standard deduction when filing their 2018 taxes.

-The proposal would increase the Alternative Minimum Tax – increasing the number of filers who pay the tax from 200,000 taxpayers to 4 million.

In addition, the proposal would reinstate the State and Local Tax Deduction, a provision which overwhelmingly benefits upper income earners.

The legislation also imposes significant tax increases on businesses:

-The proposal would repeal the 20 percent small business deduction available to entities organized as pass-through entities (LLCs, sole-properties, S-corps). This is a $415 billion tax cut.

-The proposal would raise the corporate rate from 21 percent to 35 percent. This would again make the U.S. corporate rate the highest in the developed world.

-The proposal would restore the outdated, worldwide system of taxation. This would make the U.S. one of the few developed countries in the world to double tax foreign source income.

-The proposal would repeal 100 percent, full business expensing which gives businesses a zero percent rate on new investment.

In addition to full repeal of the TCJA, the legislation includes several new tax hikes. 

-The legislation would create a new, 5 percent surtax on taxpayers earning $500,000 per year, resulting in a top income tax bracket of 44.6 percent. This provision is not indexed to inflation, so it will each grow to hit more and more Americans over time.

-The Obamacare payroll tax will increase from 0.9 percent to 4 percent and the Obamacare net investment income tax on individual and small business capital gains will increase from 3.8 percent to 6.9 percent. Neither of these provisions are indexed to inflation so it will each grow to hit more and more Americans over time.

-The legislation also repeals tax-preferred Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) and Flexible Spending Accounts (FSAs). 25 million families and individuals currently utilize HSAs and 30 million utilize FSAs. These accounts empower healthcare choice by allowing to save and spend their own funds for healthcare expenses tax free. HSAs have triple tax benefits – dollars are tax free when funds are contributed, tax free when they are spent, and any gains accrued by investing dollars are tax free.

-The legislation increases taxes on alcohol and tobacco products.

-The legislation creates a new tax on sugary drinks equal to one cent per 4.2 grams of sugar. Funds from this tax will be sent to the Obamacare Prevention and Public Health Slush fund, a fund that was used by the Obama administration to push blatantly partisan, politicized policies.

This legislation is far from an outlier within the House Democrat conference.

Democrats plan to change the rules of the House to remove the three-fifths majority requirement to raise taxes and incoming Speaker Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif) has repeatedly promised that House Democrats will raise taxes. Incoming House Budget Chairman John Yarmuth (D-KY) has voiced support for a tax hike on businesses and new members such as Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D-NY) have called for sweeping tax increases.

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Rep. Holding Releases Bill Ending the Double Taxation of Overseas Americans

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Wednesday, January 2nd, 2019, 1:00 PM PERMALINK

Every year, American citizens residing overseas are taxed twice on their income: once by the IRS, and once by the country that they reside in. This double taxation increases the tax burden on overseas Americans and exposes them to needless complexity and bureaucracy.

Addressing this problem is simple. The U.S. should move toward a territorial tax system for individuals, as has proposed by Congressman George Holding (R-NC).

Late last year, Rep. Holding released the Tax Fairness for Americans Abroad Act, legislation that would ensure American citizens overseas would not have to pay U.S. taxes on foreign earned income.

The legislation creates a streamlined system to exempt foreign earned income of American citizens provided they can certify that they reside overseas and have been in compliance with U.S. tax law for the past three years.

Any gains attributable to foreign property sold that was acquired while an individual resided overseas is shielded from U.S. taxation.

To prevent tax avoidance, U.S. source income earned by a foreign resident (including any gains from the sale of foreign property while the individual was residing in the U.S.) would remain subject to U.S. taxation under the legislation.

Today, the U.S. is one of the only countries (with the African nation Eritrea) that has a citizenship-based system of taxation.

This has significant consequences for the roughly 9 million American citizens living overseas as they must pay U.S. taxes on their income even if this income was earned and taxed in a foreign country. Although a foreign earned income exclusion (up to $100,000) and a housing exclusion exist, these are insufficient in protecting taxpayers.

Not only does the current system create undue hardships for American taxpayers overseas, it also puts U.S. workers at a disadvantage in competing with workers from other developed countries.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act passed in 2017 moved to a territorial system for businesses. This reform will allow businesses to compete on a more level playing field when operating overseas.  This reform was also long overdue as the majority of the developed world had already moved toward a system that taxes based on where the income was earned.

However, American individuals are still subject to U.S. taxation on their overseas earnings.

This must be fixed and can be achieved by passing the Tax Fairness for Americans Abroad Act. The legislation creates a simpler, more equitable, and more competitive tax system for overseas Americans. As Congress considers further changes to the tax code, this legislation should be at the top of the list.

Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons

ATR Urges Passage of House GOP Tax Legislation

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Tuesday, December 11th, 2018, 1:45 PM PERMALINK

Later this week, the House of Representatives is expected to vote on the “Retirement, Savings, and Other Tax Relief Act, legislation being proposed as a House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 88.

This legislation offers relief from several Obamacare taxes, strengthens retirement savings, reforms the IRS, and promotes entrepreneurship.

All Members of Congress should support and vote “YES” on this legislation.

Relief From Obamacare Taxes

H.R. 88 includes key relief from Obamacare taxes. The legislation delays the health insurance tax for an additional two years (through 2022), delays the medical device tax for an additional five years (through 2025), delays the Cadillac tax on employer provided health insurance for one additional year (through 2023), and fully repeals the tanning tax.

These taxes increase the cost of healthcare for families, individuals, and small businesses.

For instance, the health insurance tax will harm more than 141 million consumers, including those in the individual market, large and small group plans, Medicare Advantage and Medicare Part D plans if it takes effect.  The tax will increase premiums by 2.2 percent per year and by almost $6,000 over the next decade for a typical family of four with small or large group insurance. In addition, the tax is estimated to directly impact as many as 1.7 million small businesses. 

The 2.3 percent medical device tax is similarly harmful to small businesses. Research indicates that the tax reduced medical device investment by $34 billion in 2013 and cost almost 22,000 jobs when it was in effect between 2013 and 2015.

The Obamacare 10 percent tanning tax has wiped out an estimated 10,000 tanning salons, many owned by women. Industry estimates show that 30 million Americans visit an indoor tanning facility in a given year, and over 50 percent of salon owners are women. 

Lastly, the Cadillac tax on employer provided health insurance tax will be devastating to employers if it is allowed to go into effect. The Tax could harm up to half of all employers by 2027 if Congress fails to act.

Adopts Key Tax Reform 2.0 Provisions

The tax bill adopts key portions of the Tax Reform 2.0 package passed by the House in September.

Individual retirement accounts are updated so that businesses have more flexibility to fund employee plans and individuals have more flexibility to contribute and save. For instance, the reforms will repeal the prohibition on contributing to an IRA for individuals aged 70 ½ and older.

Retirees with less than $50,000 in their account are exempt from the required distribution rules, while small businesses will see an increase in the employer retirement plan start-up credit.

The legislation also grants start-up businesses important flexibility and tax reduction so they can recover of their initial expenses and bring in new investors to retain access to important tax benefits like the research and development tax credit.

Implements Taxpayer Protections from the IRS 

Finally, the legislation includes key reforms from the Taxpayer First Act that was passed earlier this year based around creating a modern IRS that has improved service, independent appeals process, and protects taxpayer data.

For instance, the legislation increases the protection over confidential taxpayer data by prohibiting the IRS from outsourcing taxpayer information to outside contractors unless necessary for expert evaluation of the information at hand.

The designated summons process is reformed by requiring the IRS to disclose a documented history of reasonable requests of information from the taxpayer to the head of the relevant operating division and its division counsel.

Adjustments are made governing the contact of third parties so that the IRS has to give taxpayers a 45-day notice before contacting a third party to collect taxpayer liabilities.

While more remains to be done, these reforms move in the right direction toward ensuring taxpayers are protected from IRS overreach. 

One of the most egregious examples of IRS abuse in recent memory is when the agency broke federal law to hire a Democrat white-shoe law firm to audit Microsoft. Quinn Emmanuel’s services, which cost taxpayers $1,000 an hour, could have easily been performed by the IRS’s 40,000 in-house enforcement officers. The IRS’s decision to hire an outside law firm to audit Microsoft calls the agency’s judgment into question as well as its use of limited resources.

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Senate Should Reject Senate Dems Schedule B CRA

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Tuesday, December 11th, 2018, 10:06 AM PERMALINK

Senate Democrats are expected to soon force a vote on S.J.Res.64, a congressional resolution of disapproval of the Trump administration rule rolling back the Schedule B disclosure requirements for non-profits. 

ATR urges all Senators to vote “NO” on this resolution.

The Trump admin decision to roll back reporting requirements for the Schedule B form earlier this year was a major win for free speech and efforts to protect non-profits. The rule also in no way limited or curbed transparency in politics as the same information on non-profits will continue to be available to the public.

S.J.Res 64 would undo this progress and again chill political free speech.

Congress first required section 501(c)(3) organizations to send the IRS to personal information of their donors 50 years ago. This information, which includes the names and addresses of donors, is submitted to the IRS on the Schedule B form. The agency later extended this requirement to all other tax-exempt organizations including 501(c)(4)s and 501(c)(6)s.

Schedule B forms are not used for any official purpose and the IRS is prohibited from sharing or disclosing this sensitive information. Instead of serving a legitimate purpose, the disclosure requirement creates needlessly compliance costs on both non-profits and the IRS.

In fact, the Schedule B form has recently become a tool for unelected bureaucrats to chill political speech.

Under the Obama administration, there were several cases where agency officials leaked the sensitive information contained on Schedule B forms for political purposes, such as leaking of the schedule B belonging to the National Organization for Marriage.

The IRS record of protecting taxpayers is poor in this space – a 2016 report by the Government Accountability Office warned that the IRS may still be unfairly targeting non-profits “based on an organization’s religious, educational, political, or other views.”

The Trump rule ending the collection of Schedule B forms is a step in the right direction toward protecting free speech in a way that also upholds transparency in the political process. Senators should stand with this rule and vote NO on S.J.Res 64.

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Conservatives Urge Lame Duck Action on Health Care Reform

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Posted by Alex Hendrie on Thursday, December 6th, 2018, 9:30 AM PERMALINK

In a letter to House Speaker Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, Americans for Tax Reform and 17 other conservative groups urged Congress to take lame duck action on health care reform.

Click here to read the full letter.

Specifically, the groups called for Congress to repeal the health insurance tax, expand Health Savings Accounts and roll back the medical device tax before Democrats regain control of the House in January.

The Health Insurance Tax is one of Obamacare’s most harmful, with an annual cost of $16 billion levied on the health insurance premiums of American families. More than 141 million consumers will be damaged by this new tax: consumers in the individual market, large and small group plans, Medicare Advantage, and Medicare Part D plans. Furthermore, 1.7 million small businesses would be harmed. Premiums could increase by as much as 2.2 percent per year, equating to almost $6,000 over the next decade for a typical family of four with small or large group insurance, and those earning less than $50,000 a year pay more than half the tax.

Expanding HSAs should also be a priority of this lame duck Congress. Today, 25 million families and individuals (and counting) utilize tax-advantaged Health Savings Accounts to save and spend their own money tax-free on a variety of healthcare expenses. Congress should expand HSAs to individuals with a bronze or catastrophic health care plan, double the contribution limit, allow working seniors enrolled in Medicare Part A to contribute to an HSA, and allow individuals to purchase over-the-counter medicine. These much-needed reforms would update HSAs for the benefit of millions of American families.

Finally, Congress should delay or roll back the medical device tax, the 2.3% excise tax on thousands of small businesses and manufacturers. This tax has been proven to suppress investment and cost jobs.  When it was last in effect, medical device investment dropped by $34 billion in 2013 and almost 22,000 jobs were lost between 2013 and 2015.

Congressional Republicans can draw a sharp contrast with Obamacare’s top-down, command and control model of healthcare by using the lame-duck session to pass free-market reforms that lower the cost of healthcare for families, increase consumer choice and access, and get the federal government out of the healthcare business.

In the long term, Congress should work to dismantle all of Obamacare’s taxes. In the short term, Congress has a prime opportunity to expand HSAs and repeal  some of Obamacare’s most harmful taxes for the benefit of American families. 

Click here to read the entire letter. Which is also reprinted below.

The Honorable Paul D. Ryan
United States House of Representatives
H-232, The Capitol
Washington, D.C. 20515

The Honorable Mitch McConnell
Majority Leader
United States Senate 
S-230, The Capitol
Washington, D.C. 20510

Dear Speaker Ryan & Leader McConnell:

We write to urge that Congress acts to repeal or delay existing Obamacare taxes during the lame duck period including the health insurance tax, medical device tax, and restrictions on Health Savings Accounts (HSAs).

First, Congress should act to repeal or further delay the Obamacare health insurance tax, which is scheduled to go into effect in 2020. The House has already put forward proposals to repeal and delay this tax, which should be taken up and signed into law by the President.

Insurers plan their prices months in advance so Congress must act soon to stop this $16 billion per year tax from hitting American families.

More than 141 million consumers could be negatively impacted by the health insurance tax, including consumers in the individual market, large and small group plans, Medicare Advantage and Medicare Part D plans.

If it does go into effect, the tax will increase premiums by 2.2 percent per year, according to research by Oliver Wyman.

This could increase premiums by almost $6,000 over the next decade for a typical family of four with small or large group insurance.

77 percent of registered voters support delay or full repeal of the Health Insurance Tax, according to polling released by Morning Consult.

Lawmakers should also expand tax advantaged health savings accounts. Today, 25 million American families and individuals save and spend their own money tax free on a variety of healthcare expenses — more than double the number of individuals that use Obamacare exchanges.

The House has already passed legislation that would nearly double the contribution limit for an HSA from $3,450 to $6,650 for an individual and $6,900 to $13,300 for a family and allow individuals with a bronze or catastrophic health plan to be eligible for an HSA. The proposal expands access to HSAs by allowing working seniors enrolled in Medicare

Part A to contribute to an HSA and allows HSAs to be used to purchase over-the-counter medications and fitness expenses.

These HSA reforms draw a strong contrast to the top-down, command and control model of Obamacare by empowering individuals, lowering healthcare costs, strengthening retirement security, and further reducing taxes for middle class families.

Finally, lawmakers should further roll back the Obamacare medical device tax, which is scheduled to go into effect in 2020.

The medical device tax is imposed as a 2.3 percent excise tax on all manufacturers including the thousands of small businesses. Ultimately, this tax suppresses investment and costs jobs.

This is not hypothetical – research indicates that the tax reduced medical device investment by $34 billion in 2013 and cost almost 22,000 jobs when it was in effect between 2013 and 2015.

When it was signed into law, Obamacare imposed a trillion dollars in new or higher taxes on the American people over a decade. These taxes including a tax on Americans facing high medical bills, taxes on health savings accounts, a tax on innovative medicines, and a tax for failing to buy health insurance. They have all caused significant harm to middle-class and low-income families across the country.

Over the long-term, lawmakers must continue working to repeal all one trillion in Obamacare taxes as part of reforms that increase access to care, lower costs, and get the government out of health care.

In the short term, Congress can take a strong step toward achieving this goal by repealing or delaying the health insurance tax, expanding HSAs, and rolling back the medical device tax.


Grover Norquist
President, Americans for Tax Reform

James L. Martin
Founder/Chairman, 60 Plus Association

Saulius “Saul” Anuzis
President, 60 Plus Association

Dan Weber
President, Association of Mature American Citizens

Norm Singleton
President, Campaign for Liberty

Ryan Ellis
President, Center for a Free Economy

Jeff Mazella
President, Center for Individual Freedom

Thomas Schatz
President, Council Against Government Waste

Katie McAuliffe
Executive Director, Digital Liberty

Palmer Schoening
Chairman, Family Business Coalition

Jason Pye
Vice President of Legislative Affairs, FreedomWorks

Grace-Marie Turner
President, Galen Institute (Affiliation listed for identification purposes only)

Daniel Perrin
Executive Director, HSA Coalition

Carrie Lukas
President, Independent Women’s Forum

Heather R Higgins
CEO, Independent Women’s Voice

Brandon Arnold
Executive Vice President, National Taxpayers Union

Karen Kerrigan
President/CEO, Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council

Tim Andrews
Executive Director, Taxpayers Protection Alliance

Photo Credit: Mark Fischer