List of New Tax Hikes in<br> "Managers' Amendment" to H.R. 3962
When the House considers H.R. 3962 Saturday, it will be slightly modified from the original version which was introduced. These slight changes are called the "managers' amendment." For those who want to read this 42-page addition to the bill (which should officially put it over the 2000-page mark), click here. If you want to see the revised JCT score, click here.
To see the tax roster that this is supplementing, click here.
Of most interest to taxpayers is the list of new or modified tax increases in the amendment. Here they are (all are on page 14 of the managers' amendment):
- The effective date of the provision denying deductions for costs allocable to part D subsidies (Sec. 534 of the bill) would be delayed for two years, until tax years beginning after 2012.
- As introduced, Sec. 554 of the bill would have delayed the implementation of the worldwide interest allocation rules by nine years – until 2020. Under the manager’s amendment, the scheduled implementation of these more taxpayer-favorable rules would be repealed entirely.
- The manager’s amendment also includes a new provision (new Sec. 555 of the bill) making modifications to the current-law cellulosic biofuel producer credit (IRC Sec. 40(b)(6)). This provision appears to exclude “black liquor” – a by-product of the pulp-making process – from eligibility for this credit, while making certain other fuels (e.g., algae) eligible. We hope to be able to provide further information about this provision tomorrow.
BREAKING: Joint Tax Committee:<br> One-Third of Surtax Revenue<br> Will Come from Small Employers
Americans for Tax Reform has obtained a copy of private correspondence between the Joint Tax Committee and Congressional staff.
The key piece of news is that the JCT--the official Congressional tax scorekeeper--has said that one-third of the tax revenue raised by the 5.4 percent surtax in H.R. 3962 will come out of the bank accounts of small business employers.
Not "the rich." Not someone else. Main street small businesess, who employ one out of every three Americans with a job.
This is consistent with our analysis earlier this week that the surtax will be assesed on 57 percent of partnership and S-corporation profits.
ATR Will Double-Rate a Vote Against<br> H.R. 3962, House Dem Healthcare Bill
On Saturday, the U.S. House of Representatives is scheduled to vote on H.R. 3962, a bill which will raise taxes by nearly $200 billion per year and impose a government-controlled healthcare system.
Americans for Tax Reform is strongly opposed to this legislation, and will be double-rating a vote against H.R. 3962 in our annual “Hero of the Taxpayer” Congressional scorecard. Furthermore, because support for H.R. 3962 is a violation of the Taxpayer Protection Pledge, any Member of Congress voting for it will be automatically-ineligible to receive any keyvote award from ATR this session.
There are literally dozens of reasons to oppose what the Wall Street Journal termed “the worst bill ever.” ATR is most focused on the 14 new tax hikes in the bill.
The worst tax hike in the bill is a new 5.4 percent surtax which will fall most heavily on small business profits. This new job-killing tax is the equivalent of creating a new top tax rate of 45 percent (not indexed for inflation). The JCT has reported that one-third of the revenue collected from this tax will come from small business income. 57 percent of partnership and Subchapter-S corporation profits will see this tax hike.
There’s also a new tax on Americans who choose not to purchase health insurance. This 2.5 percent tax, along with several others, is a direct violation of President Obama’s repeated promise not to raise “any form” of taxes on families making less than $250,000 per year.
ATR WILL DOUBLE RATE A VOTE AGAINST H.R. 3962, THE HOUSE DEMOCRAT HEALTH BILL
New Surtax on Small Employers in<br> House Democrat Health Scheme<br> Will Endanger Millions of Jobs
- One of the most economically-destructive aspects of the House Democrat health bill is the new 5.4 percent “surtax” on adjusted gross income (AGI) exceeding $1 million ($500,000 if other than married filing jointly). This is found on page 336 in H.R. 3962. When combined with the top marginal tax rate of 39.6 percent due to take effect in 2011, this provision has the same effect as creating a brand new top tax bracket of 45 percent (and without even an inflation adjustment over time).
- The House Democrat leadership will tell you that this is a new tax on “the rich.” This is absurd. The truly rich will re-arrange their finances in such as way as to never pay the tax. It’s much more likely that this tax will hit small and medium-size employers, who pay taxes on their owners’ 1040 forms. At this level of income, most unincorporated businesses take the form of partnerships and Subchapter-S corporations, whose taxes are paid at the owner level.
- According to the IRS (Table 1.4 of the Statistics of Income), these small business employers earned a net $414 billion in 2007. Of this, some $236 billion—57 percent—was earned in households with AGI of $1 million or more. The 5.4 percent surtax will tax these businesses some $13 billion per year. That money has to come from somewhere, and the answer is “jobs.”
- What does this mean for jobs? The partnerships and S-corps that earn more than $1 million per year are the ones that have enough capital to employ people. Assuming that most of these are the firms which employ 20 to 499 people (any larger and they probably are incorporated, any smaller and it’s other businesses), the Census Bureau Statistics of U.S. Businesses reports that 626,000 of these small employers gave jobs to 38.6 million Americans (about one-third of everyone employed), and paid out an average of $36,000 in salary in 2006.
- The new 5.4 percent surtax can be expected to raise $13 billion per year in new taxes from these successful small and mid-size employers. By way of illustration, if this tax were paid for entirely by cutting wages for these 38.6 million employees, the average wage would decline by over $300 per year—another hidden cost to the radical Pelosi-Rangel-Obama plan to create a government healthcare system.
Rush Limbaugh Highlights ATR List of<br> House Dem Health Taxes on Air
Our comprehensive list of all the tax hikes in the House Democrat health bill got a lot of play yesterday, but none bigger than this treatment by Rush Limbaugh. As I used to say back in high school, "mega-dittoes, Rush":
What it all adds up to here is there's going to be a tax if you don't go out and get insurance, two-and-a-half percent. You want to hear some of the other taxes in this? The Americans for Tax Reform has gone through the bill and they got a comprehensive list of taxes in Pelosi's debacle. "Employer Mandate Excise Tax (Page 275): If an employer does not pay 72.5 percent of a single employee’s health premium (65 percent of a family employee), the employer must pay an excise tax equal to 8 percent of average wages. Individual Mandate Surtax (Page 296): If an individual fails to obtain qualifying coverage, he must pay an income surtax equal to the lesser of 2.5 percent of modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) or the average premium. Medicine Cabinet Tax (Page 324): Non-prescription medications would no longer be able to be purchased from health savings accounts (HSAs), flexible spending accounts (FSAs), or health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs). Insulin excepted. Increased Additional Tax on Non-Qualified HSA Distributions (Page 326): Non-qualified distributions from HSAs would face an additional tax of 20 percent (current law is 10 percent). This disadvantages HSAs relative to other tax-free accounts (e.g. IRAs, 401(k)s, 529 plans, etc.)"
"Denial of Tax Deduction for Employer Health Plans Coordinating with Medicare Part D," we just covered that one. "Surtax on Individuals and Small Businesses (Page 336): Imposes an income surtax of 5.4 percent on MAGI over $500,000 ($1 million married filing jointly)." He just said it was 1.5 percent, Clyburn did, but the Americans for Tax Reform say 5.4%, an income surtax of 5.4% on individuals over 500 grand and couples over a million. "This would raise the top marginal tax rate in 2011 from 39.6 percent under current law to 45 percent -- a new effective top rate." That's before you start paying state taxes, Social Security, and Medicare, 5.4 percent, not 1.5. Hmm. "Codification of the 'Economic Substance Doctrine' (Page 349): Empowers the IRS to disallow a perfectly legal tax deduction or other tax relief merely because the IRS deems that the motive of the taxpayer was not primarily business-related."
Want me to read that to you again? Page 349, "Economic Substance Doctrine empowers the IRS to disallow a perfectly legal tax deduction or other tax relief merely because the IRS deems that the motive of the taxpayer was not primarily business-related." Welcome to the Soviet Union. I mean this is just -- and, you know what? The thing is, this is going to get out, people are going to hear about this, and there's going to be the same reaction to this that there was to H.R. 3200, only it's going to be worse. (interruption) What, Snerdley, what? No. You do not have to provide motive. All they have to do is say your motive wasn't any good. You're not going to get a chance to argue with them here. "Empowers the IRS to disallow a perfectly legal tax deduction because the IRS deems the motive of the taxpayer was not primarily business related." (interruption) What did you say, H.R.? Well, I guess you could call it that, a health care hate crime, because they're taxing you, denying a deduction because of the way you think, is what motive is. Now, it's a good question. Snerdley says, "How can they impugn your motive?" They're liberals! They're dictators. They're not small-D democrats. How can they dictate what little kids are forced to sing in school? Because they can. How can they dictate what you think? They're in the process of doing it now. They are statists. They are central planners. They are deniers of freedom and liberty. It's all through this.
CBO and JCT Scores of<br> House Dem Health Bill
- When the bill is fully phased-in, it will increase spending by approximately $150-$200 billion annually. Put another way, it will add about a percentage point to federal spending as a portion of the economy. Put yet another way, it will increase the historical size of the federal government by about 5 percent
- The bill won't even come close to universal coverage. The bill reduces the number of the uninsured from 53 million to 18 million. It's true that 96 percent of legal residents will be covered, but those 18 million uninsured will still be a huge drain on our health system. One would expect that $150 billion to $200 billion per year would get you universal coverage, at the very least
- By far, the largest tax hike will be the 5.4% surtax on millionaires and half-millionaires. Let's also not forget that this should include about half of all small business earnings in America. It raises taxes by $461 billion in the first ten years
- When the bill is fully phased-in, it will increase net taxes by approximately $200 billion per year. Put another way, it will add about a percentage point to federal taxes as a portion of the economy. Put yet another way, it will increase the historical federal tax burden by about 5.5 percent.
Which Tax Hikes in House Health Bill Break Obama Tax Pledge?
Over and over again, President Obama has promised not to raise “any form” of taxes on families making less than $250,000 per year. Yet, the U.S. House of Representatives is getting ready to consider a government healthcare bill which does just that. Here’s how:
Payroll Tax Rate
Average Payroll Size
BREAKING: Comprehensive List of Taxes<br> In House Democrat Health Bill
H.R. 3962, the "Affordable Health Care for America Act" has been introduced--all 1990 pages of it. This gargantuan beast contains thirteen new tax hikes. Here they all are, with description and page number (PDF version):
Employer Mandate Excise Tax (Page 275): If an employer does not pay 72.5 percent of a single employee’s health premium (65 percent of a family employee), the employer must pay an excise tax equal to 8 percent of average wages. Small employers (measured by payroll size) have smaller payroll tax rates of 0 percent (<$500,000), 2 percent ($500,000-$585,000), 4 percent ($585,000-$670,000), and 6 percent ($670,000-$750,000).
Individual Mandate Surtax (Page 296): If an individual fails to obtain qualifying coverage, he must pay an income surtax equal to the lesser of 2.5 percent of modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) or the average premium. MAGI adds back in the foreign earned income exclusion and municipal bond interest.
Medicine Cabinet Tax (Page 324): Non-prescription medications would no longer be able to be purchased from health savings accounts (HSAs), flexible spending accounts (FSAs), or health reimbursement arrangements (HRAs). Insulin excepted.
Cap on FSAs (Page 325): FSAs would face an annual cap of $2500 (currently uncapped).
Increased Additional Tax on Non-Qualified HSA Distributions (Page 326): Non-qualified distributions from HSAs would face an additional tax of 20 percent (current law is 10 percent). This disadvantages HSAs relative to other tax-free accounts (e.g. IRAs, 401(k)s, 529 plans, etc.)
Denial of Tax Deduction for Employer Health Plans Coordinating with Medicare Part D (Page 327): This would further erode private sector participation in delivery of Medicare services.
Surtax on Individuals and Small Businesses (Page 336): Imposes an income surtax of 5.4 percent on MAGI over $500,000 ($1 million married filing jointly). MAGI adds back in the itemized deduction for margin loan interest. This would raise the top marginal tax rate in 2011 from 39.6 percent under current law to 45 percent—a new effective top rate.
Excise Tax on Medical Devices (Page 339): Imposes a new excise tax on medical device manufacturers equal to 2.5 percent of the wholesale price. It excludes retail sales and unspecified medical devices sold to the general public.
Corporate 1099-MISC Information Reporting (Page 344): Requires that 1099-MISC forms be issued to corporations as well as persons for trade or business payments. Current law limits to just persons for small business compliance complexity reasons. Also expands reporting to exchanges of property.
Delay in Worldwide Allocation of Interest (Page 345): Delays for nine years the worldwide allocation of interest, a corporate tax relief provision from the American Jobs Creation Act
Limitation on Tax Treaty Benefits for Certain Payments (Page 346): Increases taxes on U.S. employers with overseas operations looking to avoid double taxation of earnings.
Codification of the “Economic Substance Doctrine” (Page 349): Empowers the IRS to disallow a perfectly legal tax deduction or other tax relief merely because the IRS deems that the motive of the taxpayer was not primarily business-related.
Application of “More Likely Than Not” Rule (Page 357): Publicly-traded partnerships and corporations with annual gross receipts in excess of $100 million have raised standards on penalties. If there is a tax underpayment by these taxpayers, they must be able to prove that the estimated tax paid would have more likely than not been sufficient to cover final tax liability.
Where is Reid's Senate Health Bill?<br> What Is He Hiding?
In case you're counting, it's been nearly 72 hours since Senate Democrat Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) announced that he had successfully merged together the health care bills produced by the Finance and HELP Committees. He was sending the product to CBO for a score.
So where's the bill?
To date, not one piece of legislative language has been released. This bill will likely fall into the 1000 page-plus range. Taxpayers have a right to know what is in the bill. All Americans should have been able to read the contents of this legislative breakthrough from the moment Reid announced it.
Oh, there is one detail that has leaked out: one of Max Baucus' many tax hikes has grown in the Reid bill. The $400 per employee health mandate excise tax on employers is now $750 per employee.
I would love to be able to give a more complete analysis, but there's no bill to read.
So much for a post-partisan and transparent Congress.
Senior Obama Advisor Endorses Taxing<br> Health Insurance Plans
While speaking to the ultra-liberal Center for American Progress, Roemer had this to say about the Senate's idea for a 40% tax on health insurance plans that exceed $26,000 in cost ($8000 for individuals):
“A policy such as this [the 40% Cadillac excise tax] is probably the number-one item that health economists across the political spectrum believe is likely to stem the explosion of healthcare costs.”
Notice how the "number one item" isn't anything that puts consumers in charge of their own healthcare (like health savings accounts or interstate purchase of health insurance). No, it's a new tax on existing health insurance plans. It seems as if the solution to everything for some people is a tax increase.
Roemer's endorsement of this tax is the strongest yet to come out of the White House. It's sure to cause some consternation among labor unions (who sponsor these type of plans), and the House Democrat leadership (which has flatly ruled out such a tax in their version of reform).
For a list of all the tax hikes that might find their way into Harry Reid's Senate bill, click here. These are the ones which violate President Obama's promise not to raise "any form" of taxes on families making less than $250,000.